1825 – Uruguay declared independence from Brazil.
1840 – Joseph Gibbons received a patent for the seeding machine.
1875 – Captain Matthew Webb swam from Dover, England, to Calais, France making him the first person to swim the English Channel. The feat took about 22 hours.
1902 – “Al-Hoda” began publication in New York City making it the first Arabic daily newspaper in the U.S.
1920 – The first airplane to fly from New York to Alaska arrived in Nome.1990 – Military action was authorized by the United Nations to enforce the trade embargo that had been placed on Iraq after their invasion of Kuwait.
1921 – The U.S. signed a peace treaty with Germany.
1939 – The movie “Wizard of Oz” opened around the United States.
1940 – Arno Rudolphi and Ann Hayward were married while suspended in parachutes at the World’s Fair in New York City.
1941 – Soviet and British troops invaded Iran. This was in reaction to the Shah’s refusal to reduce the number of German residents.
1941 – Allied forces invaded Iran. Within four days the Soviet Union and England controlled Iran.
1941 – U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt signed the bill appropriating funds for construction of the Pentagon.
1944 – Paris, France, was liberated by Allied forces ending four years of German occupation.
1944 – Romania declared war on Germany.
1946 – Ben Hogan won the PGA in Portland, OR . It was his first major golf title.
1949 – NBC Radio debuted “Father Knows Best.” The show went to TV in 1954.
1950 – U.S. President Truman ordered the seizure of U.S. railroads to avert a strike.
1970 – Elton John made his first live appearance in the U.S. He opened for David Ackles at “The Troubadour” in Los Angeles, CA .
1972 – In Great Britain, computerized axial tomography (CAT scan) was introduced.
1975 – Bruce Springsteen ‘s album “Born to Run” was released.
1976 – Boston released its self-titled debut album.
1978 – The Turin shroud believed to be the burial cloth of Jesus Christ went on display for the first time in 45 years.
1980 – The Broadway musical “42nd Street” opened.
1981 – The U.S. Voyager 2 sent back pictures and data about Saturn. The craft came within 63,000 miles of the planet.
1982 – The Time’s second album “What Time Is It?” was released.
1986 – Paul Simon’s “Graceland” was released.1920 – Ethelda Bleibtrey won the 100-meter freestyle swimming competition in Antwerp, Belgium. She was the first woman to win an Olympic competition for the U.S.
1988 – Metallica released the album “And Justice For All.”
1991 – Byelorussia declared independence from the Soviet Union.
1992 – It was reported by researchers that cigarette smoking significantly increased the risk of developing cataracts.
1993 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed at 3,652.09, an all-time high.
1993 – 22 year old Philip Woldemariam was shot in Los Angeles and Snoop Doggy Dogg was charged with first-degree murder as an accomplice. Dogg’s bodyguard, McKinley Lee, was charged with first-degree murder. Lee and Dogg said the shooting was in self-defense after Woldemariam pulled a gun.
1994 – A New York judge formally dissolved the marriage between Billy Joel and Christie Brinkley.
1994 – Jimmy Buffett’s plane flipped after taking off in Nantucket, MA. He swam to safety.
1994 – Robert Plant and Jimmy Page reunited in a London studio to record their MTV “Unplugged” show. The show was called “Unledded.”
Dwayne Goettel (skinny puppy)
1995 – Dwayne Goettel (Skinny Puppy) was found dead of an apparent heroine overdose at the home of his parents in Canada.
1997 – The tobacco industry agreed to an $11.3 billion settlement with the state of Florida .
1997 – Various artists recorded “Make a Miracle” to help the children of St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital.
1998 – A survey released said that 1/3 of Americans use the Internet.
1998 – Dolly Parton released the album “Hungry Again.”
2000 – It was announced that the Frankie Sullivan III (Survivor) would be asking a federal court in Chicago, IL , for a preliminary injunction against CBS Corp. and TVT Records LLC concerning the soon-to-be-released soundtrack from the CBS TV series “Survivor.”
Aaliyah in Queen of the damned-her last Movie.
2001 – In the Bahamas, Aaliyah and eight others were killed when their plane crashed in Marsh Harbor, in the Abacos islands of the northern Bahamas. The cause appeared to be engine failure due to the plane being overloaded.
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